INCIDENCE & MORTALITY
- 1 in 2 Australians will be diagnosed with cancer in their lifetime.
- An estimated 121,500 new cases of cancer will be diagnosed in Australia this year, with that number set to rise to 150,000 by 2020.
- Cancer is the second leading cause of Australian deaths and affects almost 20% of the population. More than 43,000 people are expected to die from cancer in 2016.
- The most common cancers in Australia (excluding non-melanoma skin cancer) are prostate, colorectal, breast, melanoma, and lung cancer.
- Cancer costs $3.8 billion in direct health system costs.
- In Australia, the number of skin cancer cases outnumbers the total number of all other types of cancers combined. At least 2 in 3 Australians will be diagnosed with skin cancer by the age of 70. Each year, around 434,000 Australians are treated for one or more non-melanoma skin cancers (the most frequently occurring cancer in Australia, but the least life-threatening).
- Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women, affecting 1 in 8 Australian women and killing 2,600.
- Prostate cancer is the most common cancer among Australian men and is the second most common cause of cancer deaths in men. Prostate cancer will affect 1 in 4 Australian men, which is equal to 17,000 cases and 3,000 deaths each year.
- Colorectal cancer is the second most common cancer in the developed world, with similar incidence rates for both men and women. Colorectal cancer results in approximately 4,000 deaths in Australia every year, making it the second leading cause of cancer death. 13,000 new cases are diagnosed annually.